Jaisalmer

golden Fort Jaisalmer

Explore Jaisalmer –

Jaisalmer Fort is one of the only living forts in the world. It is situated in Jaisalmer city in Indian state of Rajasthan. The fort stands proudly amidst the golden stretches of the great Thar Desert, on Trikuta Hill. It is also known as the “Golden Fort”.

The city of Jaisalmer has a unique charm of its own. Like other places in Rajasthan, Jaisalmer has a glorious and historically rich past. The city is said to be founded by Raja RawalJaisal, a Bhatti Rajput ruler, in approximately 1156 A.D. Legends say that he did it on the behest of a local hermit named Eesaal. The raja choose Trikut hill as the new site for his fort. This was because he thought that his previous abode at Luderwa (16 km from present Jaisalmer) was vulnerable towards possible enemy assault.

In medieval times, Jaisalmer continued to be on the focus of the masses because of its location. Situated in the middle of the route connecting India with Persia, Egypt, Africa, and the West, Jaisalmer was an ideal location for the fortification. The Bhatti Rajput rulers were still in line. They were the sole guardians of the city, and thus mustered enough wealth through taxes levied on the passing caravans, of which there was no scarcity.

Audio tours are available at the Palace inside the Jaisalmer Fort. It gives you genuine information on the city of Jaisalmer, and furthermore, Jasmin Home organizes tours around historic sites, with an optional expert guide to provide comprehensive and accurate information.

In city Sightseeing (4 Hour Tour ) –

  • The golden fort

  • gadisar lake

  • patwa ki haveli

  • nathmal ki haveli

  • salim singh ki haveli

  • mandir palace

 

THE GOLDEN FORT :-

Named after the great Bhatti ruler `Maharaal Jaisal`, this Fort is also known as the `Golden Fort` (Sonar Qila).  The Fort and the residential buildings surrounding it are made from yellow sandstone. The fortification wall is about 5 KM in circumference, 2-3 m in thickness and is strengthened by 99 bastions. The main Fort has 2 walls running parallel with a variable gap of 2-4 m in between known as `Mori`, used for the movement of security guards around the Fort. The upmost portion of the fortification consists of merlons (kamguras), gunholes and balconies (Jharokhas).

The foundation of the Fort was laid on Trikuta Hill by Maharawal Jaisal in 1156 AD and took 7 years to complete. In the course of 100 years, a number of additional walls were made to the Fort. Heavy stoned walls and cylinders were used for rolling the missiles down upon the enemy during close range battles.

During the regime of Akhi Singh (1722 – 1762), people started coming in the Fort from the old town for settling down at the slope around the Fort. They constructed houses, made streets and formed mohallas, which they named after their professions. The construction activities continued until 1891 A.D. and many imposing havelis and gajvilas were built.

The Fort witnessed a number of battles with Khilji, Tughalaq, Mughals and the Rathore rulers. The canons lying on the bastions and stone balls found on the battlements speak of their chivalry. Noteworthy monuments inside the Fort include Royal Palaces, Lakshmi Narain temple, Ratneshwar Mahadev temple, Surya temple and a group of Jain temples.

Gadisar Lake-Gadsisar lake

Gadisar Lake is one of the major tourist attractions of Jaisalmer. Just leave the madding crowd behind and venture towards the outskirts and you will find yourself next to the famous Gadisar Lake. Contrary to the popular belief, it is not an oasis but a water conservation tank made around 1400 A.D. by the then Maharaja of Jaisalmer, Maharwal Gadsi Singh.

This place was selected because it had a certain amount of declivity already and it automatically retained some of the rainwater. If you are lucky and venture out in winters, you might get to see a variety of migratory birds. Due to its proximity to Bharatpur, some of the birds get attracted to this place also.

Don’t miss to carry a good pair of binoculars and SLR camera with a wide-angle lens if you want to take away some mesmerizing snaps.

Chatri (Platforms used by Kings and Queens to invite people on to dine, also used to hunt wildlife from)

You will find whole varieties of temples and shrines surrounding the lake. In later years it became more of a pilgrimage spot. The beautiful gateway that arches across the road down to the Lake was built by royal courtesan named Tillon in the end of 19th century, known as Tillon Ki prol (Gate of Tillon). Lord Vishnu’s statue was installed in the year 1908 A.D. and was declared a Krishna Temple to save it from demolition by the then Maharawal.

 

Patwon Ji Ki Haveli –

This is one of the largest and most elaborate Haveli in Jaisalmer and stands in a narrow lane. It is five storeys high and is extensively carved. It is divided into six apartments, two owned by archaeological Survey of India, two by families who operate craft-shops and two remain private homes. There are remnants of paintings on some of the inside walls as well as some mirror work.

 

Salim Singh Ki Haveli –

This haveli was built approximately 300 years ago, and part of it remains occupied. Salim Singh was the prime minister when Jaisalmer was the capital of the princely state and his mansion has a beautifully arched roof with superb carved brackets in the form of Peacocks. The mansion is just below the hill and it is said that once it had two additional wooden stories in an attempt to make it as high as the Maharaja’s palace, but the Maharaja had the upper storey torn down.

 

Nathmal Ji Ki Haveli –

Two architect brothers built this historic and breathtaking haveli in the 19th century. It is interesting to learn that while one concentrated his efforts on the right hand side, the other concentrated on the left. The result is an architectural symphony epitomising the side by side symmetry that took place during construction. Paintings in miniature style monopolise the interior wall. Mighty tuskers carved out of yellow sandstone stand guard to the haveli.

Outside Tour

  • Bada bagh(5 Km)

  • amar sagar(5 Km)

  • ludhrawa (15 Km)

  • kuldhara(15 Km)

  • sam sand dunes (45 Km)